Sunday, July 20, 2014

Greens Make Kids A Priority Again!


Children have always been a major priority for the Green Party and it says something about the priorities of the current Government when child poverty, child neglect and family violence continue to be huge issues.

Today Metiria Turei announced the the last of our Party's three major election priorities and it focuses very heavily on an area that will make a huge difference to children and struggling families. By extending the 20 hours free early childhood education to two year olds it recognizes the financial pressures on families with young children.

An OECD study in 2010 revealed that New Zealand working families were having to spend 28% of their net income on childcare and this wasn't helped by the Government's $400 million cut to early childhood education. This gutting of the Early childhood budget reversed the attempt by Labour to bring the funding up to a similar level of other OECD countries: it drove up costs for families, forced many centres to close and made 100% registered and qualified teachers in centres unaffordable.

The Government also restricted choice for families when community based provision suffered the most from the cuts and many Pasifika communities that should have received the most support found themselves amongst the worst affected. What has also been concerning is the Government's support for corporate care and the subsidies provided for the likes of Kidicorp to set up in lower decile communities. Profit focused early childhood centres often maximize profits by saving costs on wages and manipulating the system for their own ends. This means commercial centres do not see having experienced and qualified staff as a priority.

Research shows that the benefits of early childhood education are dependent on the quality of the teachers and there is currently a minimum of 50% qualified staff and a cap of 80% for funding. There would be an outcry if hospitals were staffed in a similar way and yet the first years of a child's life are crucial for their future development. Skimping on the early years will actually have negative economic impacts in the future and the World Bank strongly supports investing in young children.

The Green Party will restore the goal of having 100% qualified staff in all centres and kindergartens and ensure the funding supports that. $297 million will be the initial cost and this will grow to $367 million over four years and will hopefully address the damage done by this Government and build a much stronger early childhood sector for the future. Every $1 we invest in early childhood education provides a $7 return, the investment is a no brainer. Our children and our families need and deserve this support and party voting Green will make it happen.


Friday, July 18, 2014

R&D is Shaping Southland's Future

Venture Southland's Steve Canny explaining the potential of methane capture to Russel Norman

Russel Norman spent today in Invercargill (interview 6:20 in) and he spent a good part of the time learning about the many projects on the go here that will provide Southland with a more diverse and sustainable economy. It was a timely visit because a few days earlier Russel had announced the Greens' ambitious Research and Development Policy (even receiving the Business NZ seal of approval).

It has been recognized that not all of Southland's agricultural land is suitable for dairying because many soils are not resilient to heavy stock numbers and the demands of the industry on our waters systems (both consumption and pollution) are unsustainable.

Venture Southland has researched a range of protein sources that can be produced well in our soils and climate and oats came out clearly in front. Southland was once known for its oats and we even had a processing factory based in Gore that was well known for its porridge. There will be some like myself who can still remember 'Sergeant Dan the Creamoata Man'

Gore Creamoata Factory

Oats can produce more protein per hectare in Southland, with fewer inputs, than dairy farming and there are a number of value added products like oat milk that would have strong markets amongst those who are lactose intolerant (especially Asia). Having a viable alternative to dairying will make our economy more resilient and growing oats, as an expanding industry, will take a lot of pressure off our environment.

Venture Southland is also involved with two significant projects that will soften the environmental impact of the expanding dairy industry. The first is the research and development of a methane capture system that has the potential to provide 70% of the energy needs of the average dairy farm. If it can operate well in Southland's cooler climate it could then be rolled out across the country and would substantially reduce our agricultural GHG emissions in an economically beneficial way.

Monitoring methane emissions from a Southland dairy pond.

The other project is an educational one being rolled out to farm managers. The Lean Project is a programme that supports farm managers to put in place efficient systems that not only increase profits but enables them to operate in a more sustainable way. Farms save money if they use less wasteful practices and if they manage their stock well then there will be benefits for the environment too. No matter how good the technology is, or the system are, it comes done to the people that operate them. Ongoing training and support is essential.

The future of the Southland economy is dependent on ensuring our existing industries become more sustainable and that we can add greater diversity to what we currently do. Investing in research and development, and sharing what results, is a big part of this.


Saturday, July 12, 2014

Keep Your Mouth Closed and Stay in the Boat!



Welcome to New Zealand, we have beautiful tree covered mountains, lovely beaches and rivers that look alright if you don't look too closely. I am your tour guide on this bus and I will hopefully provide you with some useful information and advice if you are a first time visitor to Aotearoa.

Our conservation parks are well worth a visit, but please check with Department of Conservation staff to make sure you avoid the parts where there is mineral exploration or the recovery of windfall trees. If you stick to the tourist tracks you should be all right.

We have some wonderful cities, but please don't try to do what you would in your home countries as we are the land of cars. I wouldn't advise trying to cycle as you would in Europe, or use our public transport, we have very few safe bike lanes and our public transport is often unreliable.

If you look to the right you will see what was once the habitat of the Maui's dolphin, the smallest in the world. They only became extinct last year and when we stop the bus you will be able to see pictures of them. On the horizon you will see a number of drilling rigs. I should also warn you not to walk on the beach when we stop as one of the rigs had a minor spill last year and there is still a lot of oil in the sand and the dead birds washed up on it look a little unsightly and don't smell very nice.

You will note as we drive through this farmland that there are lots of cows. Our diary industry is our largest export earner and we now have almost 7 million cows. Our Government has put a huge investment into irrigation and expanding the industry so we will see many on our travels. In answer to an earlier question, the lack of trees on our farms is because they get in the way of the farm irrigators.

We no longer offer fishing trips here because fish numbers have dropped considerably over recent years. At one destination there is an aquarium where you can see some of the few remaining native fish.

This afternoon you will have the opportunity to travel up a river on a jet boat. If you decide to do this trip I advise you to keep your mouth closed when there is a lot of spray and make sure you wash your hands afterwards because the water can be toxic if ingested. It is important that unless you are told otherwise, please stay in the boat!

The Green Party announced one of our major priorities for this election, we want rivers clean enough to swim in. I'm sure tourists would appreciate this too. 

Thursday, July 10, 2014

Beneficiary Families Must Suffer!


The National Party has a bottom line on an individual's status that is not negotiable: being unemployed is is totally unacceptable and anyone in that situation does not deserve support!

Being a beneficiary of the state is barely tolerated by this Government and anyone who decides to become one (most National Party members appear to believe that it is a status of choice) should not expect to acquire a benefit easily or live comfortably. If children are involved it is just their rotten luck that they have parents who can't provide a healthy home or nutritious meals from a weekly food budget of less than $30, even though around 285,000 children find themselves in similar circumstances.

Every time the Government is asked to explain what they are doing to support struggling families the same answer is given, paid work as the only real answer. We have moved on from a couple of generations ago when a stay at home mother was considered an honorable and worthwhile role. In those times the Family Benefit was paid to the mother to ensure that the money was spent on children and the home.

Despite the fact that providing superannuation to our elderly is the largest part of the welfare budget ($9 billion and increasing) the benefits paid to support children and families are much less and yet are considered unsustainable. We lead the OECD on the financial support of our elderly and we have the highest statistics for elderly employment and yet we allow 27% of our children to live in poverty.

Lindsay Mitchell is a blogger who is often quoted by those who support cuts in welfare support. Mitchell claims that the welfare state is "unsustainable economically, socially and morally". In one of her recent posts she actually recognizes the income disparity that exists for dependent families but refuses to acknowledge that the level of financial support should increase. Lindsay is adamant that if beneficiaries are paid a living allowance that it will just encourage them to remain dependent on the state and clever management can allow them to survive on little:

"Employment for existing sole parents, and deterrence for prospective, particularly young parents, is the most effective approach to reducing child poverty. In that respect Jonathan Boston and Simon Chapple's prescription is half right. But a strong and competitive economy capable of producing the necessary jobs won't result from the greater taxation and wealth transfer the authors advocate.

"A prevailing attitude that only government can solve child poverty is actually a large part of the problem. If there is a solution it largely lies in the hands of those who choose the circumstances in which their children will be raised."

Again Mitchell supports the view that struggling parents, especially sole parents, deliberately choose the circumstances that they find themselves in. This is obviously disconnected from reality and doesn't recognize those families suffering from redundancy or sole parents attempting to support children when they have an illness, a disability or have left a violent relationship. Having to look after a disabled child is also a huge commitment and when family members have attempted to take on the main caring role, they have been denied support. No family deliberately chooses to have a family member with a severe disability and yet if they choose to look after them themselves they are effectively choosing a life of restricted means. To force so many families to a life on the edge of existence and reliance on charity is just cruel. 

We are now a low wage economy where even families that are fully employed need state support to pay for the increasing costs of housing and to cover food and electricity bills. Beneficiary families receive little extra support and have even been excluded, against advice, from receiving anything extra on the birth of a baby. When questioned about the unfairness of the approach, Bill English responded that the decision was, "consistent with the Governments belief that paid employment was the best way to lift most vulnerable families." 

Even those who earn income by dubious means or defraud the state through avoiding tax have greater respect under this Government than anyone unfortunate enough to need a benefit. Overpayment errors were once placed in the fraud category for beneficiaries and they generally have to shoulder the responsibility of departmental mistakes. The costs of tax fraud far exceeds benefit fraud and yet the stigma that most beneficiaries are useless bludgers is a continuing theme and 285,000 children are forced to suffer because of it.

At every turn beneficiaries and first time parents are given the hard message that being in employment is more important than caring for their family. The fact that access to high quality childcare may be an issue and that well paid part-time work is almost impossible to find is ignored. There should be recognition for caring for the disabled and our children and there should be dignity in fulfilling this role, not shame.   

Postscript: Some qualitative research from the Auckland City Mission and academics, that involved interviewing 100 low income families over three years, effectively dispels many of the myths spread by the right. Most beneficiaries want to work and properly support their children but find multiple barriers are put up to block them from being successful. 8 key barriers are listed and some solutions suggested. I hope the Government doesn't do what it normally does and ignores this well informed advice. 

Friday, July 4, 2014

The National Party's Dictionary


The National Party uses a dictionary that is foreign to mine because it obviously has different meanings for a number of words. I have used the meanings from my large Reader's Digest 'Word Power' dictionary (written in conjunction with with the Oxford Press) for a comparison:

Anthropogenic Climate Change

RD/Oxford Press: originating in human activity

National: Gerry Brownlee, "...is an interesting concept." Bill English, "...we should uncritically follow the the Green's extreme views about these things, well, many of us don't."

Conservation:

RD/Oxford Press: Preservation or restoration of the natural environment and wildlife.

National: "Conservation leadership for a prosperous New Zealand."  (Victoria Forest Park)

Consult

RD/Oxford Press: Seek information and advice from, or seek permission or approval from.

National: Just telling others what will happen (Phillipstown School, Woman's Refuge, Gisborne District Council, Education profession).

House

RD/Oxford Press: A building for human habitation.

National: An aspirational possibility only for many and a source of capital gain for a few.

Mothering 

RD/Oxford Press: Look after kindly and protectively.

National: Unless you are a beneficiary and the child is over three years.

Poverty

RD/Oxford Press: The state of being very poor.

Paula Bennett, National: "...actually children move in and out of poverty at times on a weekly basis."

Rivers 

RD/Oxford press: A large natural flow of water traveling along a channel to the sea, a lake or another river.

National: Something for wading and boating and irrigating dairy farms.


I got the idea from Ambrose Bierce's classic The Devil's Dictionary written between 1881 and 1906.

Beirce's definition for politician: n. An eel in the fundamental mud upon which the superstructure of organised society is reared. When he wriggles he mistakes the agitation of his tail as the trembling of the edifice.

Wednesday, July 2, 2014

Woman Experiences Sexual Attack, PM Gets First Apology.

Jan Logie expresses dismay regarding Government priorities

A young woman was attacked in her own home by a Malaysian diplomat. He attempted to rape her. Despite Malaysia being prepared to have the diplomat tried in New Zealand the Ministry of Foreign Affairs and Trade suggest that Malaysia may use diplomatic immunity and have the man returned home. The relationship with Malaysia was obviously considered of greater importance by some officials than pursuing justice for the victim.

The victim is informed by the police that she may have to travel to Malaysia as a witness when her attacker is dealt with by the Malaysian justice system.

Murray McCully blames MFaT for not keeping him informed and apologizes to the Prime Minister for providing him with the incorrect information. Obviously the embarrassment experienced by the Prime Minister was considered of greater importance than the feelings of the victim.

As far as I know there has been no formal apology made by the Government to the young woman concerned. If the media had not exposed this case she may have had to go through more trauma by having to go to a foreign country with little support to ensure her attacker was properly dealt with.

Jan Logie spoke with heartfelt concern during an urgent debate on the debacle. The way that the whole incident was managed just reflected a wider issue regarding the rape culture in New Zealand, victims are not given the priority they deserve and the systems continually fail them. Jan wondered why the Minister himself didn't ask more questions and show greater oversight considering the enormity of the situation.

Rolf Harris has just been found guilty of multiple sexual offences and it has been revealed that he sexually molested girls and young women throughout his career, his behaviour was tolerated and he had won numerous awards. The victims felt powerless to question his behaviour and were not listened to if they did. The shocking thing is that this is not just an historical situation, this sick culture is a continuing one.

One in four girls in New Zealand experience sexual violence before they are fifteen, 90% of sexual crimes go unreported and of those that are, few result in a conviction. The newly appointed head of the Government's new Export Standards Unit has a history of sexual offending and there is no assurance that he will not repeat his behaviour.

The Malaysian diplomat will be returning to New Zealand to stand trial but without media attention another victim would have been treated like most others, appallingly!


Tuesday, July 1, 2014

On Your Bike Brownlee!


For our transport Minister Gerry Brownlee, transport is all about cars. Transport spending is hugely dominated by road building, with the vast bulk of spending going to motorways of dubious value. Brownlee insists that getting more cars moving more quickly is the most immediate transport need. He determinedly ignores the evidence and refuses to listen to reason. The planned investment on cycling and walking is only .6% of the transport budget.



Most modern cities internationally have found that to improve quality of life, boost the economy and to improve traffic flow then reducing the dominance of roads and parking spaces is actually the way to go. Creating properly designated and protected cycleways is an important element. Holland spends the equivalent of almost $50 a head on cycling infrastructure a year which would be $225 million here and that is mostly to maintain networks they have built over many years. Our commitment to cycling is shown by the number of staff within the NZTA responsible for planning and supporting this important area (total FTE staff 1372) :

10923 (2013). Julie Anne Genter to the Minister of Transport (21 Aug 2013): How many full-time equivalent employees of the New Zealand Transport Agency currently work on planning and delivering cyclist networks.
Hon Gerry Brownlee (Minister of Transport) replied: Seven
Eugenie Sage has celebrated a recent Christchurch planning decision to shorten the timeframe for their major cycleways project from 8 years to 5 years, even though it is still longer than the 3 years that was initially decided. Eugenie provides a very useful link to a TED talk from the New York City Transport Commissioner on how they have improved traffic flow and the quality of life for city residents and visitors. Creating safe cycle lanes was one of the most important elements and they did it at very low cost by using paint and plants (about 9 min in).

A good amount of the car traffic on our roads is because people lack choices and if the infrastructure mainly supports cars then that will be what most people will use. One of the peak traffic times in most towns and cities is before and after school and this is largely because parents feel it is unsafe for children to walk or cycle safely by themselves. Many people would prefer to cycle around our city centres but in most cases it is unsafe to do so.

Invercargill should be full of cyclists because it is flat and our climate is more temperate that most European cities. Cycling as transport and as a sport has a significant history in Invercargill, we host the oldest and most important international cycling road race in the country (Tour of Southland) and established the country's first indoor cycling velodrome. In the 1950s more bikes were used to get to work in the city than cars and yet now few people use cycling as means of transport.

 John Key cycling in The Hague with the City Councillor for Transport

Esk St Invercargill 1950's

 The Green Party's recent policy announcement on making walking and biking to school safer will cost only $50 million a year over four years and will actually see a return on that investment of around $1 billion. It would make so much sense in Invercargill where our wide streets provide lots of scope for safe cycling lanes. The policy will be a positive shift away from the stubborn ideological mind set of the current Transport Minister and provide a literal breath of fresh air to our transport infrastructure. 

Standing by my preferred campaigning transport, 2011